A good dentist: Tricity – Prevention
Preventing tooth decay
Preventing diseases of the teeth and gums is the simplest and cheapest way to cure them. The most common disease of the teeth is dental caries. On its formation is affected by four factors. The first of these bacteria inhabiting in the oral cavity, the second starting materials required for their nutrition. Other factors are the appropriate period of time to form a reaction and susceptible tooth, where this reaction takes place. Initiated reaction causes demineralization of enamel and further deposition of plaque, which leads to tooth decay. To prevent disease, is sufficient to eliminate one of the factors. The only possible way to avoid this reaction is not to admit that the bacteria used the substrate supplied with food, which are mostly simple or complex sugars and remove them within a reasonable period of time.
Coating treatments are performed by a dentist in dentist’s office using specialized formulations. Although they contain a high concentration of fluoride is safe for the health of patients – rapidly bind and adhere well to the tooth surface, releasing small amounts of fluorine. Dentist before painting, brush thoroughly cleans the tooth surface, then dry and clean teeth require special preparation applicator. Varnish hardens in the oral environment by creating a transparent insulating film. The advantage of fluoride varnish is the persistence of the surface of the tooth and its long-term effect.
- high risk of dental caries in children over 6 years of age;
- bad eating habits in adults;
- wearing braces;
- The use of removable dentures;
- expose the necks of the teeth;
- The initial decay;
Painting treatment is performed depending on the tendency to decay. With the average propensity painting is done twice a year, or every 6 months. With a higher susceptibility to caries treatment performed 4 times a year, every three months. However, always keep in mind that for each treatment and indications for its implementation decided by the physician.
Fissure sealing treatment for several years routine prophylactic treatment. Subject premolars and molars, as the occlusal surface anatomy of the tooth due to the presence of deep pits and fissures promotes the collection of bacteria that colonize the furrow at the time of tooth eruption.
The deep winding groove are rinsed by the saliva, and are not sufficiently cleaned during hygiene.
The bristles of the toothbrush usually has a larger diameter than the diameter of the groove, thus reaching the deep furrow is not possible. In connection with the construction of the teeth, the bacteria causes the deposition of an uncontrolled development of caries.
Fissure sealing treatment for several years a routine designed to protect teeth from decay. Sealing relates primarily premolars and molars, the construction of the occlusal surfaces due to the presence of deep pits and fissures therein promotes the stagnation of bacteria. The sealing treatment is completely painless. Is performed by a dentist who is first cleaned of any deposits tooth and the tooth is then isolated from the saliva of access. After drying the inside of the tooth root is introduced lakes. In conclusion, it is polymerized using halogen light to fit the shape of the mandible and maxilla short. In individual cases, the earlier lakes were subject to falling, or furrows were used diagnostically uncertain – involving soft opening furrows with a drill – extended sealants.
The sealing indications:
- fully erupted permanent molars (especially the first permanent molars – 6 which erupt as the first permanent teeth and have to serve us as long as possible);
- molars and premolars with deep furrows;
- molars and premolars in children with disabilities (a problem in maintaining proper oral hygiene);
The sealing effectiveness of the treatment depends on many factors, among which are: the technique of application, preparation and responsibility of the person performing the procedure and the anatomical conditions of the tooth, tooth eruption stage, the type of occlusion, moisture tooth during the procedure.
The sealing indications should be considered individually, taking into account the degree of risk of caries, dietary habits, hygiene habits. However, the dentist always decides. Sealing the first permanent posterior teeth should be performed as early as possible during the first 6 months after tooth eruption.